In the 21st century, the professional training to become a Pharmacist requires the successful completion of a doctorate level degree (Doctor of Pharmacy, or PharmD). This training reflects the ever increasing number and complexity of medications approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Some Pharmacists also pursue postgraduate residency training in focused areas of practice. These factors have resulted in the ability for Pharmacists in the community setting to provide a more comprehensive role in patient care, including what is known as collaborative drug therapy management or medication management. Regardless of the state of advanced practice that a Community Pharmacist maintains, a Community Pharmacist has a duty to evaluate each prescription for appropriateness in the context of known drug and patient specific variables, and the accuracy of dispensing the prescribed medication remains critical. Unfortunately, errors may still occur in the dispensing process and in the accurate processing of prescriptions associated with drug interactions, duplications, dosage errors, warnings, and contraindications. In fact, medication errors have recently been exposed as a leading cause of mortality in the United States, and dispensing errors account for nearly one-fifth of the deaths.