GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY is a surgical subspecialty dealing with both operative and non-operative management of cancers of the female reproductive system. Gynecologic Oncologists treat patients of all ages with ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, cervical cancer, and vaginal cancer. They also diagnose and stage gynecologic tumors. Since gynecologic cancer often involves adjacent structures, Gynecologic Oncologists are true experts in complex pelvic floor and cytoreductive (debulking) surgery. Gynecologic Oncologists typically complete a 4-year residency in Obstetrics & Gynecology followed by up to 4 years of additional fellowship training in Gynecologic Oncology. Fellowship training typically focuses upon surgical treatment, chemotherapy, radiation, experimental treatments, and research relevant to gynecologic tumors. Upon completion, Gynecologic Oncologists are eligible for board certification by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology with a subspecialty certificate in Gynecologic Oncology. Gynecologic Oncologists practice in private settings and major medical centers, and perform surgical procedures several days per week.
Malpractice claims against Gynecologic Oncologists typically stem from complications of treatment itself, though some cases focus upon allegations of missed or delayed diagnosis. More commonly, Gynecologic Oncology experts educate the trier of fact on issues of causation related to delayed treatment or missed treatment opportunities.