PEDIATRIC SURGERY is a subspecialty of surgery focusing on surgery of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatric Surgeons complete four years of medical school followed by a five-year General Surgery residency and an additional two-years of training dedicated to Pediatric Surgery. Pediatric Surgeons work in children’s hospitals, university medical centers, community hospitals, and clinic settings. Pediatric Surgeons treat children from the newborn stage through late adolescence, and perform a spectrum of both traditional and minimally-invasive surgeries. Children are not simply small adults, and Pediatric Surgeons are specialized in caring for the physiologic differences specific to this population. Fetal surgery and neonatal surgery are two further subspecialties of Pediatric Surgery.
Medical malpractice litigation in Pediatric Surgery involves complications of surgical procedures. Pediatric Surgery expert witnesses are also called as experts on causation, educating the trier of fact on the cause, extent, and prognosis of various pediatric illness, conditions, and injuries.