PSYCHIATRY is a branch of medicine focusing on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. Such disorders commonly include depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, suicidality, and substance abuse. Psychiatrists work in a variety of settings ranging from private practices to busy prison systems. They offer treatment via counseling, psychotherapy, and psychiatric medications. Many Psychiatrists have additional sub-specialization in fields such as Child Psychiatry, Geriatric Psychiatry, or Addiction Psychiatry. Psychiatrists who have attained the highest level of accreditation are Board Certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, part of the American Board of Medical Specialties.
Medical negligence claims against Psychiatrists are infrequent, but commonly stem from an alleged failure to stabilize depressive or psychotic symptoms that may result in suicide or harm to others.