Gynecology (sometimes spelled Gynaecology) is a field of medicine and surgery specializing in diseases of the female reproductive tract. In the United States, nearly all Gynecologists are also Obstetricians, thus giving rise to the term OB/GYN. Gynecologists treat a variety of conditions including cancer, infections, infertility, endometriosis, and incontinence. Some Gynecologists specialize in Gynecologic-Oncology, the exclusive treatment of cancers of the female reproductive organs including ovarian, cervical, and uterine cancer. The most common surgeries in Gynecology include dilation and curettage (“D & C”), hysterectomy (i.e. removal of the uterus), tubal ligation, diagnostic laparoscopy, and cervical procedures including cryosurgery and LEEP.
Litigation against Gynecologists is infrequent but typically involves allegations of delayed or improper treatment as well as complications of surgery.