PEDIATRIC CARDIOLOGY is a subspecialty of Pediatric Medicine focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of children’s cardiac problems. Pediatric Cardiologists complete four years of medical school followed by a three-year Pediatrics residency and a fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology. Often, an additional year of training is undertaken to further specialize in Pediatric Interventional Cardiology or Pediatric Electrophysiology. General Pediatric Cardiologists work in private practices and major medical centers treating congenital heart defects, heart muscle disorders, rhythm disturbances, hypertension, and other systemic disorders affecting the cardiovascular system. While routine health conditions are treated by general Pediatricians, and cardiovascular surgical problems are handled by Pediatric Surgeons, the Pediatric Cardiologist has a unique role in working with these other specialists to ensure cardiac conditions are being diagnosed and treated to the standard of care. Oftentimes, surgical problems are identified first by a Pediatric Cardiologist, then referred to a Pediatric Cardiac Surgeon.
Pediatric Cardiologists are often called as experts on causation, educating the trier of fact on the cause, extent, and prognosis of various cardiac conditions, or to opine on delays in diagnosis and treatment of congenital or acquired cardiac abnormalities that result in poor outcomes.