CHIROPRACTIC is an alternative (non-traditional, non-allopathic) medical practice concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Chiropractors, the practitioners of Chiropractic, believe that disorders of the spine, primarily those involving vertebral malalignment, have a direct effect upon the nervous system and general health. Doctors of Chiropractic (D.C.) must complete a 4-year doctorate program focusing on a variety of core areas including history taking, physical examination, psychosocial assessment, diagnostic studies, and both adjusting and non-adjusting therapies. Common conditions treated by Chiropractors include neck pain, back pain, ligamentous sprains, muscle strains, cervicogenic headaches, coccydynia (tailbone pain), whiplash, pyriformis syndrome, and sciatica.
Malpractice claims against Chiropractors typically stem from allegations of misdiagnosis or from chiropractic manipulation causing vertebral artery dissection, internal carotid artery dissection, acute disk herniation, vertebral fracture, and other injuries.