FORENSIC NURSING is the umbrella term that encompasses Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE), Domestic Violence/Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) examiners, Correctional Nursing, and Legal Nurse Consulting (LNC). Forensic Nursing is the application of nursing science to public or legal proceedings, and/or the investigation of crime.
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) are Registered Nurses who have completed specialized education and clinical preparation in the medical forensic care of the adolescent or adult patient who has experienced sexual assault or abuse. A certification for this subspecialty earns the examiner the title SANE-A. Pediatric sexual assault nurse examiners care for children who have experienced sexual assault or abuse. A certification for this subspecialty earns the title SANE-P.
Intimate Partner Violence/Domestic Violence Examiners are Registered Nurses who have completed specialized education and clinical preparation in the medical forensic care of patients who have experienced physical assault or abuse by an intimate partner or someone else with whom they cohabitate.
A Correctional Nurse is a nursing professional (LPN, RN, or Nurse Practitioner) who cares for and treats inmates and other detainees in correctional facilities, jails, and detention facilities, including juvenile detention centers at the federal, state, and county levels. They may also assist in section 1983 cases. Correctional Nurses provide medical support to prisoners and staff, routine health examinations for inmates, and administer medications to inmates. In emergency situations, they help stabilize patients until emergency transport arrives. Correctional Nurses may become certified Correctional Health professionals by passing the certification examination offered by the National Commission on Correctional Healthcare.