CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY is a surgical subspecialty which diagnoses and treats congenital and acquired deformities of the head, skull, face, neck, and jaw. Craniofacial Surgeons complete four years of medical school followed by a surgical residency in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, ENT specialties, or Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery followed by fellowship training in Craniofacial Surgery. There is no specific board certification for Craniofacial Surgery. The Craniofacial Surgeon has a unique role in diagnosing and treating congenital and acquired facial deformities that can be disabling or fatal.
Medical malpractice litigation in Craniofacial Surgery is often related to causation, requiring the expert to educate the trier of fact on the cause, extent, and prognosis of various craniofacial deformities and injuries.