NEUROSURGERY is a highly specialized field dealing with the surgical treatment of diseases of the central nervous system (e.g. brain and spinal cord), peripheral nervous system (e.g. nerves), and the spine itself. Neurosurgical training is perhaps the most rigorous of all surgical specialties, often spanning eight years or more beyond four years of medical school. As part of their extensive training, Neurosurgeons often subspecialize in various fields including Pediatric Neurosurgery, Neurological Spine Surgery, and Neurosurgical Oncology. Common neurosurgical problems include cerebral aneurysms, intracranial bleeding (e.g. subdural, epidural, and intraparenchymal hemorrhage), tumors of the brain and spinal cord, intracranial infections (e.g. brain abscess), and hydrocephalus. Spinal Neurosurgery includes the treatment of traumatic injuries (e.g. vertebral fractures), congenital malformations (e.g. spina bifida, scoliosis), disk herniation, spinal stenosis, and a variety of other conditions.
Litigation in Neurosurgery is nearly always tied to a poor surgical outcome allegedly due to delay, surgical technique, infection, or other complications. Unfortunately, such events are often devastating and complex.