HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE CARE MEDICINE is a medical subspecialty focused on the care of patients suffering from terminal illnesses, and the pain and stresses associated with them. Hospice Care provides therapy without curative intent, when no cure can be expected. Palliative Care physicians complete four years of medical school followed by a residency in Internal Medicine and fellowship training in Palliative Care Medicine. Palliative Care specialists work in interdisciplinary care teams within medical centers and treat patients with life-threatening and terminal illnesses. They work to maximize quality of life and coordinate management of the imminently dying patient. Their patients are often referred by Emergency Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, or Hospital Medicine providers.
Medical malpractice litigation in Hospice and Palliative Care Medicine often involves standard of care issues, and the end-of-life care decision-making process. Hospice and Palliative Care providers are also called as experts on causation, educating the trier of fact on the cause, extent, and prognosis of various terminal diseases and conditions.