CARDIAC ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY (also known as “EP” or “Cardiac EP”) is a subspecialty of Cardiology focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias (abnormal cardiac rhythms). Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiologists (“Electrophysiologists”) complete four years of medical school followed by a staggering nine years of residency and fellowship in Internal Medicine, Cardiology, and Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. Cardiac EP specialists work in private practices and major medical centers treating cardiac rhythm disturbances using the latest medical and interventional (minimally invasive) approaches. While routine cardiac conditions are treated by general Cardiologists, and surgical problems are handled by Cardiothoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons, the Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiologist has a unique role in diagnosing and treating irregular cardiac rhythms that can be disabling and fatal.
Most medical malpractice litigation in Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology involves complications of medications or interventional procedures used to treat arrhythmias. Cardiac Electrophysiology expert witnesses are also called as experts on causation, educating the trier of fact on the cause, extent, and prognosis of various cardiac rhythm disturbances.