CARDIOLOGY is a medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. Cardiologists first complete training in Internal Medicine before undertaking a Fellowship in Cardiology. The total program takes nearly six years to complete. Cardiologists treat cardiac arrhythmias (e.g. atrial fibrillation, SVT, ventricular tachycardia), coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure (i.e. CHF), and countless other diseases of the human heart. Some Cardiologists specialize in Interventional Cardiology, the performance of procedures such as cardiac catheterization, angioplasty, and coronary artery stenting. Actual heart surgery, however, is performed by a cardiothoracic or cardiovascular surgeon.
Most litigation in Cardiology involves improper or delayed treatment of coronary artery disease and its attendant complications. Cardiology experts are also called upon to analyze causation in cases involving other primary care providers who allegedly fail to diagnose acute cardiac conditions. Because of the prevalence of cardiac disease in the United States, skilled Cardiology experts are in high demand.